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3 edition of Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes found in the catalog.

Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes

Herbert F. Moore

Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes

a report of an investigation conducted by the Engineering Experiment Station in coöperation with the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company.

by Herbert F. Moore

  • 269 Want to read
  • 39 Currently reading

Published by University of Illinois in Urbana, Ill .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Steam-turbines,
  • Strength of materials

  • Edition Notes

    StatementBy Herbert F. Moore, Stuart W. Lyon [and] Norville J. Alleman.
    SeriesUniversity of Illinois bulletin,, v. 26, no. 7
    ContributionsLyon, Stuart Wellington., Alleman, Norville James, 1904-
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTJ737 .M6
    The Physical Object
    Pagination38 p.
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL179095M
    LC Control Numbera 29000081
    OCLC/WorldCa13782783

    Journal of Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Biomedical Engineering Materials Science. Defect and Diffusion Forum. Other papers include a critical review of fretting fatigue investigations at the Royal Aerospace Establishment, techniques for the characterization of fretting fatigue damage, improving fretting fatigue strength at elevated temperatures by shot peening in steam turbine steel, the fretting fatigue properties of a blade steel in air and vapor.

    A turbine blade is the individual component which makes up the turbine section of a gas turbine or steam blades are responsible for extracting energy from the high temperature, high pressure gas produced by the turbine blades are often the limiting component of gas turbines. To survive in this difficult environment, turbine blades often use exotic materials like. prominent, Ref./1 to 12/. Also, corrosion fatigue has been ob­ served in steam turbine components such as blades and rotors, Ref./13,14/. It is for these reasons that in the frame of COST program , "Materials for Steam Turbines", research projects have been undertaken to study stress corrosion and corrosion fatigue.

    STEAM TURBINE 2 I. PURPOSE This manual can be used for preliminary selection, steam and cooling water planning for steam turbines in basic and detail engineering stages. This manual does not for designing steam turbine and the related parts. II. STEAM TURBINE TYPES Steam turbine types based on blade geometry and energy conversion process are. 1) The blade failed from high cycle fatigue. 2) Fatigue cracks start in 4 areas on both sides of the blade root. This and the presence of ratchet marks support a high cycle low stress fatigue mode. 3) In the fatigue crack initiation locations multiple fretting marks are present. Fretting fatigue .


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Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes by Herbert F. Moore Download PDF EPUB FB2

Get this from a library. Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes; a report of an investigation conducted by the Engineering Experiment Station in coöperation with the Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Company.

[Herbert F Moore; Stuart Wellington Lyon; Norville James Alleman]. Corrosion-fatigue in steam turbine blades. in the air test fatigue strength.

The same This book reviews the causes of corrosion-related events responsible for a significant loss of power. This device excites the blade to its first vibration mode of natural frequency and resonance conditions are established.

Fatigue tests were performed under resonance conditions [15,23]. Under normal operation the steam blades are subjected to excitation forces: centrifugal forces, axial and tangential steam by: 4. Fatigue strength prediction methods of blades of a high pressure steam turbine are the main topic of this article.

Experimental approaches, as well as use of the experimental results for the verification of the finite element method (FEM) and fatigue models, were performed on two basic levels.

First, verification by the fatigue tests of smooth and notched cylindrical specimens under room and Cited by: 1. 1. Introduction. Fatigue Damage is cumulative and occurs when a structure is subject to variable and/or periodic loads. The repeating maximum values of stresses during a cycling load induces micro-cracks, which could lead to the failure [].Some fractures of steam turbine blades are caused by low cycle fatigue (LCF) during start-up or shut-down of the steam turbines because of variations of Cited by: 5.

Steam turbines can come in all shapes and sizes, ranging from a single stage design to a multi-stage machine. A stage consists of a set of stator blades and a set of rotating blades and every stage and blade row is designed to provide the most efficient flow path and aerodynamic behavior possible.

fatigue test facilities for LP steam turbine end stage blades at Siemens and the successful execution of component tests with focus on High-Cycle Fatigue (HCF) regime. Results for blades of different sizes, surface conditions and materials have been evaluated.

In addition, crack growth and threshold behaviour of blades has been investigated in. The paper also suggests the methods to reduce the blade fatigue subsequently through computation and to enhance the fatigue strength of the steam turbine blade.

In order to reduce the blade fatigue susceptibility and to enhance the fatigue life of the steam turbine blade, the wedge shape friction damper is proposed. most frequently the primary cause for blade fatigue fa ilures.

Sources for the alternating fo rces are any type of flow distur­ bances, such as wakes, local cross flows, and shock wave phenomena. Contrary to axial flow compressors, the intensity of these disturbances is especially severe in steam turbines. turbine and compressor blade attachments.

Experimental methods employed include brit- tle coatings, photoelasticity, ordinary and high-temperature electrical-resistance strain gages, and a fatigue testing assembly. Various phases of the following problems are pre- sented: (1) transmission of the forces from.

The influence of corrosion pits on the fatigue life of 12% Cr steam turbine blade steel was investigated. For this reason, fatigue crack growth curves were measured and threshold stress intensity. Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes: a report: Author(s): Moore, Herbert Fisher; Lyon, Stuart Wellington; Alleman, Norville James: Subject(s): Steam-turbines.

Issue Date: Publisher: University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, College of Engineering. Engineering Experiment Station. Series/Report: University of.

TESTS OF THE FATIGUE STRENGTH OF STEAM TURBINE BLADE SHAPES I. INTRODUCTION 1. General Purpose of Tests.-In studying the strength of any machine or structural member the problem must be considered from at least two viewpoints: (1) the number, direction, and magnitude.

1 Fatigue life assessment of a low pressure steam turbine blade during transient resonant conditions using a probabilistic approach C. Booysen1*, P.S. Heyns1, M.P. Hindley2, R. Scheepers2 1 Centre for Asset Integrity Management, Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa.

A steam turbine is a device that extracts thermal energy from pressurized steam and uses it to do mechanical work on a rotating output shaft. Its modern manifestation was invented by Charles Parsons in The steam turbine is a form of heat engine that derives much of its improvement in thermodynamic efficiency from the use of multiple stages in the expansion of the steam, which results.

Experimental High Cycle Fatigue Testing and Shape Optimization of Turbine Blades Mohamad Ahmadi Tafti Master of Applied Science, Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Toronto Abstract An accelerated high cycle fatigue testing approach is presented to determine the fatigue.

In operation turbine disk and blades are subjected to cyclic loading. In service fatigue failures of the low pressure power steam turbine blades were detected. Damages accumulation and growth have occurred on the leading edge of the blades.

In order to predict the residual fatigue life of turbine blades, * Corresponding author. Tests of the fatigue strength of steam turbine blade shapes: a report.

By Herbert Fisher Moore, Stuart Wellington Lyon and Norville James Alleman. Abstract. Cover ed as part of an investigation conducted by the Engineering Experiment Station, University of Illinois at. cope with the fatigue of turbine blades are previously reported blade failures.

See e.g. Rao [4]. This paper deals with the fatigue analysis of a low pressure blade that is used for the last stages of large steam turbines. The blade is equipped with the fir-tree root assembled in ax-ial groove. The last stage blades being the longest and the.

Custom Steam Path Design Each turbine is designed uniquely for the particular resource conditions by adapting the blade path within the standardized casing. At the same time, the inlet nozzles and emergency and control valves are sized to suit the steam pressure and mass flow.

Blades Modern airfoil impulse type blade shapes are adopted for best. Fatigue test results of the rotating steel blades of the fourth stage of the K low pressure cylinder Geo steam turbine manufactured in the Kaluga Turbine Plant (hereinafter, KTP) with the ion-plasma coating were presented.

Coating formation was carried out at the National Research University (MPEI) on the Gefest vacuum pilot plant by the magnetron sputtering method.corrosion cracking and corrosion fatigue strength in the field tests using actual geothermal steam, because the geothermal steam chemistry is significantly varied in different geothermal power plants.

We have carried out many field tests in domestic and overseas for many years, and accumulated data base has been utilized and contributes to make.Fatigue tests were performed at 90 °C in air and aqueous solution.

De-aerated ppb Cl− solution is often used to simulate service conditions in the low pressure part of steam turbines where early condensate occurs [8]. Since fatigue life tests in de-aerated solution and air .